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{{Infobox Country
 
{{Infobox Country
 
|nativeName=Rheinische Republik
 
|nativeName=Rheinische Republik
|commonName=Rhenish Republic
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|commonName=Rhinish Republic
 
|flagImage=Flag_of_North_Rhine-Westphalia.svg
 
|flagImage=Flag_of_North_Rhine-Westphalia.svg
 
|anthem=Die Wacht am Rhein (The watch at the Rhine)
 
|anthem=Die Wacht am Rhein (The watch at the Rhine)
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|denonym=German
 
|denonym=German
 
|governmentType=Republic
 
|governmentType=Republic
|leader=President
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|leader=President Tobias Schuckler
 
|formation=
 
|formation=
 
|area=Roughly 9,000
 
|area=Roughly 9,000
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'''The Rhineland''', officially '''the Rhenish Republic''', (German: Rheinische Republik) is a country in Western Europe. It is bordered in the North and the East by the German Democratic Republic, in the West by the kingdom of Benelux and in the South by the French Republic.
+
'''The Rhineland''', officially '''the Rhinish Republic''', (German: Rheinische Republik) is a country in Western Europe. It is bordered in the North and the East by the German Democratic Republic, in the West by the kingdom of Benelux and in the South by the French Republic.
   
 
Its territory covers roughly 9,000 km<sup>2</sup> and is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate.
 
Its territory covers roughly 9,000 km<sup>2</sup> and is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate.
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'''Palaeolithic'''
 
'''Palaeolithic'''
   
During the Middle Palaeolithic, ca 100,000-30,000 BP (the dates vary a great deal) western Europe, including the Rhine, was occupied by Neanderthal Man, to which belonged the Mousterian culture of stone tools. In fact the Neanderthal man was even named after a place in the Rhenish Republic, the Neandertal valley near Düsseldorf [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neanderthal#Etymology_and_classification].<br> Neanderthal sites are denser to the south, where open forest prevailed and the limestone terrain offered more caves as dwelling. The Rhine ran through an open tundra, where Neanderthals hunted big game, such as the rhinoceros and the woolly mammoth. Accordingly, open air Mousterian sites have been discovered in and around the Rhine valley.
+
During the Middle Palaeolithic, ca 100,000-30,000 BP (the dates vary a great deal) western Europe, including the Rhine, was occupied by Neanderthal Man, to which belonged the Mousterian culture of stone tools. In fact the Neanderthal man was even named after a place in the Rhinish Republic, the Neandertal valley near Düsseldorf [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neanderthal#Etymology_and_classification].<br> Neanderthal sites are denser to the south, where open forest prevailed and the limestone terrain offered more caves as dwelling. The Rhine ran through an open tundra, where Neanderthals hunted big game, such as the rhinoceros and the woolly mammoth. Accordingly, open air Mousterian sites have been discovered in and around the Rhine valley.
   
 
'''Mesolithic'''
 
'''Mesolithic'''
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[[Image:800px-Trier_porta_nigra.jpg| thumb|left| 300px| The Porta Nigra in Trier, an important testament of Roman times]]
 
[[Image:800px-Trier_porta_nigra.jpg| thumb|left| 300px| The Porta Nigra in Trier, an important testament of Roman times]]
Though the Roman campaigns did not have the objective of installing permanent settlements along the Rhine at first, the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Teutoburg_Forest] of autum 9 AD in the nowadays GDR, marked an important turning point in the Rhenish history.<br>
+
Though the Roman campaigns did not have the objective of installing permanent settlements along the Rhine at first, the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Teutoburg_Forest] of autum 9 AD in the nowadays GDR, marked an important turning point in the Rhinish history.<br>
The loss of the approximate half of the Roman Rhinearmy and the resulting loss of military power, led the Roman Empire to persueing a new policy for securing its borders to Germania Magma, a policy of pacifying the Roman border provinces, among it Germania Inferior, in which the nowadays Rhenish Republic is found, though an extensive wave of settlements. <br>
+
The loss of the approximate half of the Roman Rhinearmy and the resulting loss of military power, led the Roman Empire to persueing a new policy for securing its borders to Germania Magma, a policy of pacifying the Roman border provinces, among it Germania Inferior, in which the nowadays Rhinish Republic is found, though an extensive wave of settlements. <br>
Many of the cities of the modern Rhenish Republic, like Trier [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trier], Koblenz [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koblenz] and the Rhenish capital Cologne [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cologne] were founded at this time.<br>
+
Many of the cities of the modern Rhinish Republic, like Trier [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trier], Koblenz [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koblenz] and the Rhinish capital Cologne [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cologne] were founded at this time.<br>
 
<br>During the mid 4th century Roman military defeats and domestic turmoil led to increasing military confrontations with the Franks, a Germanic tribe, which eventually resulted in the destuction of Cologne and Bonn around 355 AD.<br>
 
<br>During the mid 4th century Roman military defeats and domestic turmoil led to increasing military confrontations with the Franks, a Germanic tribe, which eventually resulted in the destuction of Cologne and Bonn around 355 AD.<br>
 
Never the less did the Roman Empire succeed to stay in power for more than 100 years more. In 459 AD did the Roman reign in the nowadays Rhineland end.
 
Never the less did the Roman Empire succeed to stay in power for more than 100 years more. In 459 AD did the Roman reign in the nowadays Rhineland end.
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When a European War could still be prevented in the Jülich-Kleve conflict of succession, an incident in another part of the Holy Roman Empire,the Bohemian Revolt, finally triggered this.<br>
 
When a European War could still be prevented in the Jülich-Kleve conflict of succession, an incident in another part of the Holy Roman Empire,the Bohemian Revolt, finally triggered this.<br>
 
While Wolfgang Wilhelm's policy and that of the Free City of Cologne of strict neutrality saved the Northern Parts of the Rhineland from the worst destruction, the Southern parts were not that lucky.<br>
 
While Wolfgang Wilhelm's policy and that of the Free City of Cologne of strict neutrality saved the Northern Parts of the Rhineland from the worst destruction, the Southern parts were not that lucky.<br>
However the economic hardships resulting from the Thirty Years' War affected all of the Rhenish territories.
+
However the economic hardships resulting from the Thirty Years' War affected all of the Rhinish territories.
   
 
'''1792-1815: The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars'''<br>
 
'''1792-1815: The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars'''<br>
[[Image:Napoleon-ratinger-01.jpg| thumb| left|300px| Napoleon in Düsseldorf]]The German territories West of the Rhine were among the first territories falling to the Revolutionary French army. This resulted in the creation of the Cisrhenian Republic, the first republic on Rhenish ground, in 1795, which became incorporated into France in 1802.<br>
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[[Image:Napoleon-ratinger-01.jpg| thumb| left|300px| Napoleon in Düsseldorf]]The German territories West of the Rhine were among the first territories falling to the Revolutionary French army. This resulted in the creation of the Cisrhenian Republic, the first republic on Rhinish ground, in 1795, which became incorporated into France in 1802.<br>
In 1806 Prince Elector Maximilian I Joseph transfered the last Rhenish territory not under French reign, the Duchy of Jülich-Berg to Napoleon, who united it with the parts of the Duchy of Jülich, which were not incorporated into France, to the Grand Duchy of Jülich-Kleve-Berg with Napoleon's brother-in-law Joachim Murat as Grand Duke.<br>
+
In 1806 Prince Elector Maximilian I Joseph transfered the last Rhinish territory not under French reign, the Duchy of Jülich-Berg to Napoleon, who united it with the parts of the Duchy of Jülich, which were not incorporated into France, to the Grand Duchy of Jülich-Kleve-Berg with Napoleon's brother-in-law Joachim Murat as Grand Duke.<br>
While this French rule was not popular in all parts of the Rhenish society,it surely provided some new benefits to the Rhenish people, like a modern political system with civil rights, limited participation and, with the code civil, a rule of law.
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While this French rule was not popular in all parts of the Rhinish society,it surely provided some new benefits to the Rhinish people, like a modern political system with civil rights, limited participation and, with the code civil, a rule of law.
   
 
'''1815-1822: The Rhine comes under Prussian occupation'''<br>
 
'''1815-1822: The Rhine comes under Prussian occupation'''<br>
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While the Prussians were sensible enough to not abolish the French code civil in the Rhine Province, they did some grave mistakes, like the abolishment of political participation, the introduction of censorship and the ubiquitous presence of Prussian military together with its use against protesters, which led to a growing discontent with the Prussian rule at the Rhine together with a feeling of being again military occupied by a foreign power.
 
While the Prussians were sensible enough to not abolish the French code civil in the Rhine Province, they did some grave mistakes, like the abolishment of political participation, the introduction of censorship and the ubiquitous presence of Prussian military together with its use against protesters, which led to a growing discontent with the Prussian rule at the Rhine together with a feeling of being again military occupied by a foreign power.
   
'''1923-1925: The First Rhenish Republic'''<br>
+
'''1923-1925: The First Rhinish Republic'''<br>
The discontent with the Prussian rule together with the economic hardships of the early 1920s led to the first declaration of Rhenish independence by Leo Deckers and Dr. Guthardt in Aix-la-Chapelle in October 1923.<br>
+
The discontent with the Prussian rule together with the economic hardships of the early 1920s led to the first declaration of Rhinish independence by Leo Deckers and Dr. Guthardt in Aix-la-Chapelle in October 1923.<br>
Yet, discord among the Rhenish separatists and the waning support of the local citizenship resulted in a premature end of the First Rhenish Republic in 1925 and the reinsatllation of the Prussian Rhine Province.
+
Yet, discord among the Rhinish separatists and the waning support of the local citizenship resulted in a premature end of the First Rhinish Republic in 1925 and the reinsatllation of the Prussian Rhine Province.
   
 
=== 1945 - today ===
 
=== 1945 - today ===
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The German authorities began to crack down on all forms of resistance to the new Socialist regime across the country after the referendum of 1951 saw the Saarland and Trier reject unification with the rest of Germany. <br>
 
The German authorities began to crack down on all forms of resistance to the new Socialist regime across the country after the referendum of 1951 saw the Saarland and Trier reject unification with the rest of Germany. <br>
 
This began a series of attacks against the Catholic Church which was successful across the nation; with the exception of the devout Rhineland in which the government had also attempted to restrict public gatherings and festivities. These new decrees from Berlin proved too much for the Rhinelanders as slogans such as “even the Fascists didn’t ban fun”. Which cumulated in the [[Carnival Riots of 1956]]<br>
 
This began a series of attacks against the Catholic Church which was successful across the nation; with the exception of the devout Rhineland in which the government had also attempted to restrict public gatherings and festivities. These new decrees from Berlin proved too much for the Rhinelanders as slogans such as “even the Fascists didn’t ban fun”. Which cumulated in the [[Carnival Riots of 1956]]<br>
<br>The Allies soon took interest in this development, as Germany’s industrial heartland an independent Rhineland could truly be a damaging blow to the Soviets! In January 1957, Konrad Adenauer called a meeting in the regional capital of Koblenz and declared the Rhenish Republic which would be governed along democratic roots. This new country was immediately recognised as legitimate by Western European countries, and the German authorities were unwilling to pursue the Rhinelanders as they seemed to be a people who were not mouldable to “socialist ideals”.
+
<br>The Allies soon took interest in this development, as Germany’s industrial heartland an independent Rhineland could truly be a damaging blow to the Soviets! In January 1957, Konrad Adenauer called a meeting in the regional capital of Koblenz and declared the Rhinish Republic which would be governed along democratic roots. This new country was immediately recognised as legitimate by Western European countries, and the German authorities were unwilling to pursue the Rhinelanders as they seemed to be a people who were not mouldable to “socialist ideals”.
   
German forces withdrew and French troops took up the defence of the Rhineland, they still serve to protect the Rhineland today as the treaty of Rhenish Independence signed by the GDR and the EEC states that the Rhenish Republic may not have a military that is larger than 100,000 troops.
+
German forces withdrew and French troops took up the defence of the Rhineland, they still serve to protect the Rhineland today as the treaty of Rhinish Independence signed by the GDR and the EEC states that the Rhinish Republic may not have a military that is larger than 100,000 troops.
   
 
== Geography ==
 
== Geography ==
   
[[Image:Rsg.png| thumb| 200px| Map of the Rhenish Slade Mountains]]The most North-Eastern part of the Rhenish Republic lies in the Northern European Lowlands which extends South to the Cologne Bay, while the Eastern and Southern parts are part of the Rhenish Slade Mountains.
+
[[Image:Rsg.png| thumb| 200px| Map of the Rhenish Slade Mountains]]The most North-Eastern part of the Rhinish Republic lies in the Northern European Lowlands which extends South to the Cologne Bay, while the Eastern and Southern parts are part of the Rhinish Slade Mountains.
   
 
=== Climate ===
 
=== Climate ===
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=== Administrative Subdivisions ===
 
=== Administrative Subdivisions ===
   
The Rhenish Republic is subdivided into six administrative districts:
+
The Rhinish Republic is subdivided into six administrative districts:
 
* Administrative District Aix-la-Chapelle
 
* Administrative District Aix-la-Chapelle
 
* Administrative District Dortmund
 
* Administrative District Dortmund
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== Government ==
 
== Government ==
   
[[Image:Köln_gürzenich.jpg| thumb| 300px| The Gürzenich in Cologne. The Rhenish parliamentary building ((OOC: My proposal. Please change it, if you have other ideas :) )) ]]To be answered by the player. <br>
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[[Image:Köln_gürzenich.jpg| thumb| 300px| The Gürzenich in Cologne. The Rhinish parliamentary building ((OOC: My proposal. Please change it, if you have other ideas :) )) ]]To be answered by the player. <br>
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
Proposed Parties:
 
Proposed Parties:
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=== Foreign Relations ===
 
=== Foreign Relations ===
   
The Rhenish Republic has good relations to [[France]] and the [[United Kingdom| UK]] and is allied with those powers.
+
The Rhinish Republic has good relations to [[France]] and the [[United Kingdom| UK]] and is allied with those powers.
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
 
By being a strong Roman-Catholic nation it further has excellent relations with the [[Papal States]] and other pious Catholic nations.
 
By being a strong Roman-Catholic nation it further has excellent relations with the [[Papal States]] and other pious Catholic nations.
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== National Anthem ==
 
== National Anthem ==
   
The Rhenish national anthem is the song "Die Wacht am Rhein (The watch at the Rhine)". <br>
+
The Rhinish national anthem is the song "Die Wacht am Rhein (The watch at the Rhine)". <br>
 
Although the text is originally directed against French expansionist ambitions, it is now understood as a waning against the GDR. <br><br>
 
Although the text is originally directed against French expansionist ambitions, it is now understood as a waning against the GDR. <br><br>
   
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=== Military ===
 
=== Military ===
   
The Rhenish military is limited to 100,000 troops due to a treaty with the GDR and the EEC.
+
The Rhinish military is limited to 100,000 troops due to a treaty with the GDR and the EEC.
   
 
== Demographics ==
 
== Demographics ==
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=== People ===
 
=== People ===
   
The Rhenish people are originally Franks, with Low Franks in the Northern Part and Ripuarian Franks from Cologne on South.<br>
+
The Rhinish people are originally Franks, with Low Franks in the Northern Part and Ripuarian Franks from Cologne on South.<br>
Later the Romans left its mark on the Rhenish people West from the Rhine, resulting in the archetypal citizen of Cologne being dark-haired and brown-eyed.
+
Later the Romans left its mark on the Rhinish people West from the Rhine, resulting in the archetypal citizen of Cologne being dark-haired and brown-eyed.
   
The Rhenish people are often pictured having an easygoing lifestyle, characterized by a vivid tradition of carnival, the cultivation (and consumption) of wine and a regional tradition of songs and singing ("Rhenish songs") - markedly contrasted against the supposedly "stiff" Prussians and Westphalians
+
The Rhinish people are often pictured having an easygoing lifestyle, characterized by a vivid tradition of carnival, the cultivation (and consumption) of wine and a regional tradition of songs and singing ("Rhenish songs") - markedly contrasted against the supposedly "stiff" Prussians and Westphalians
   
 
A traditional half-serious rivalry between the cities of Cologne and Düsseldorf exist, which is mainly expressed in differing Carnival Greetings (Alaaf in Cologne, Helau in Düsseldorf), disagreements about the better kind of beer ("Kösch" in Cologne, "Alt" in Düsseldorf) and mocking jokes.
 
A traditional half-serious rivalry between the cities of Cologne and Düsseldorf exist, which is mainly expressed in differing Carnival Greetings (Alaaf in Cologne, Helau in Düsseldorf), disagreements about the better kind of beer ("Kösch" in Cologne, "Alt" in Düsseldorf) and mocking jokes.
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=== Language ===
 
=== Language ===
   
While Standard German is the official language of the Rhenish Republic, the spoken dialects can be classified into three broad dialect groups.
+
While Standard German is the official language of the Rhinish Republic, the spoken dialects can be classified into three broad dialect groups.
   
 
* Low Franconian at the territories North of the [http://http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uerdingen_line Uerdingen Line.]
 
* Low Franconian at the territories North of the [http://http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uerdingen_line Uerdingen Line.]
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=== Religion ===
 
=== Religion ===
   
The Rhinelands are a traditional Roman-Catholic stronghold and the Roman-Catholic church still holds significant moral influence in the devout Rhenish Republic.
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The Rhinelands are a traditional Roman-Catholic stronghold and the Roman-Catholic church still holds significant moral influence in the devout Rhinish Republic.
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
Since the Roman-Catholic church has played a significant role in achieving Rhenish independence the church membership has even increased since then at the cost of the other faithes.<br><br>
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Since the Roman-Catholic church has played a significant role in achieving Rhinish independence the church membership has even increased since then at the cost of the other faithes.<br><br>
 
80 % Roman-Catholic, 15 % Protestant, 5 % other
 
80 % Roman-Catholic, 15 % Protestant, 5 % other
   
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== Culture ==
 
== Culture ==
   
=== Rhenish Festivals ===
+
=== Rhinish Festivals ===
   
'''The Rhenish Carnival'''<br>
+
'''The Rhinish Carnival'''<br>
[[Image:Rosenmontagszug_Koeln_2004.jpg| thumb| 250px| Rose Monday Parade in Cologne]]The Rhenish carnival is a carnival that takes place in the Rhinelands every year starting at 11:11 on November 11 culminating in a week-long street festival leading up to Ash Wednesday. The eleventh of November constitutes a single day of celebration, and the immediate lead-up to Ash Wednesday several more. The highlight of the carnival is the Rosenmontag which takes place on the Monday. The typical cry during the festival is "Kölle Alaaf!"in the areas around Cologne and "Helau!" in Düsseldorf and its surroundings.<br>
+
[[Image:Rosenmontagszug_Koeln_2004.jpg| thumb| 250px| Rose Monday Parade in Cologne]]The Rhinish carnival is a carnival that takes place in the Rhinelands every year starting at 11:11 on November 11 culminating in a week-long street festival leading up to Ash Wednesday. The eleventh of November constitutes a single day of celebration, and the immediate lead-up to Ash Wednesday several more. The highlight of the carnival is the Rosenmontag which takes place on the Monday. The typical cry during the festival is "Kölle Alaaf!"in the areas around Cologne and "Helau!" in Düsseldorf and its surroundings.<br>
 
The street festival is marked by large parades with the largest one, the Rose Monday Parade in Cologne regularly attracting more than one million visitors.
 
The street festival is marked by large parades with the largest one, the Rose Monday Parade in Cologne regularly attracting more than one million visitors.
   
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=== Rhenish Food===
+
=== Rhinish Food===
   
 
'''Rheinischer Sauerbraten'''<br>
 
'''Rheinischer Sauerbraten'''<br>
[[Image:Rheinischer_Sauerbraten_vom_Pferd_-_Meckenstocks.jpg| thumb| 175px| Rhenish Sauerbraten made from horse meat]]One of the internationally most well known German dishes is the Sauerbraten, which is traditional in the Rhineland, Saarland, Silesia, and Swabia.<br>
+
[[Image:Rheinischer_Sauerbraten_vom_Pferd_-_Meckenstocks.jpg| thumb| 175px| Rhinish Sauerbraten made from horse meat]]One of the internationally most well known German dishes is the Sauerbraten, which is traditional in the Rhineland, Saarland, Silesia, and Swabia.<br>
In contrast to the other variants the Rhenish Sauerbraten is sweetish and contains raisins and sometimes gingerbread.<br>
+
In contrast to the other variants the Rhinish Sauerbraten is sweetish and contains raisins and sometimes gingerbread.<br>
 
The meat is marinated in vinegar, a sweetening agent such as sugar beet syrup, apple syrup, or sugar, and seasonings containing juniper cones and cloves, and then braised. The sauce contains raisins and often crushed gingerbread.<br>
 
The meat is marinated in vinegar, a sweetening agent such as sugar beet syrup, apple syrup, or sugar, and seasonings containing juniper cones and cloves, and then braised. The sauce contains raisins and often crushed gingerbread.<br>
 
While it is traditionally made from horse meat, it is nowadays more and more prepared from beef.
 
While it is traditionally made from horse meat, it is nowadays more and more prepared from beef.
   
 
'''Carp blue'''<br>
 
'''Carp blue'''<br>
Carp blue is a traditional Rhenish New Year's Eve dish. <br>
+
Carp blue is a traditional Rhinish New Year's Eve dish. <br>
 
For preparing it, it is of uttermost importance that the outer mucus layer of the carp remains unharmed. To achieve this the fish is only washed and salted on its inside.<br>
 
For preparing it, it is of uttermost importance that the outer mucus layer of the carp remains unharmed. To achieve this the fish is only washed and salted on its inside.<br>
 
Afterwards the carp is doused with a decoction made from warm water, white wine, vinegar,onions, laurel and peppercorns. <br>
 
Afterwards the carp is doused with a decoction made from warm water, white wine, vinegar,onions, laurel and peppercorns. <br>
 
The carp is coloured in a bright blue after this procedure.
 
The carp is coloured in a bright blue after this procedure.
   
'''Rhenish Mussels'''<br>
+
'''Rhinish Mussels'''<br>
[[Image:Rheinische_Muscheln.jpg| thumb|175px| left| Rhenish Mussels]]Due to the important role of the Rhine river for European trade, blue mussels from the Northern Sea and white wine from the Southern parts of the Rhineland led to the creation of another traditional Rhenish dish, the Rhenish Mussels.<br>
+
[[Image:Rheinische_Muscheln.jpg| thumb|175px| left| Rhinish Mussels]]Due to the important role of the Rhine river for European trade, blue mussels from the Northern Sea and white wine from the Southern parts of the Rhineland led to the creation of another traditional Rhinish dish, the Rhinish Mussels.<br>
 
For preparing it blue mussels have to be carefully cooked in a broth prepared from butter, onions, leek, carrots, celery, white whine, salt, peppercorns, laurel, allspice, clove and garlic.<br> <br> <br> <br> <br>
 
For preparing it blue mussels have to be carefully cooked in a broth prepared from butter, onions, leek, carrots, celery, white whine, salt, peppercorns, laurel, allspice, clove and garlic.<br> <br> <br> <br> <br>
   
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'''Himmel un Ääd'''<br>
 
'''Himmel un Ääd'''<br>
Himmel un Ääd, Ripuarian for "heaven and earth", is a traditional Rhenish dish.<br>
+
Himmel un Ääd, Ripuarian for "heaven and earth", is a traditional Rhinish dish.<br>
 
It is prepared from mashed potatoes (where it gets the earth part of the name from) and apple sauce (the heaven part) and served together with fried black pudding.
 
It is prepared from mashed potatoes (where it gets the earth part of the name from) and apple sauce (the heaven part) and served together with fried black pudding.
   
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In the afternoon the table will be covered with a specially designed set of porcelain ("Zwiebelmuster" - onion pattern). Following an old tradition the coffee table is composed of "Rosinenstuten" (a plum cake), rice-milk, "Bergischer Zwieback" (a sort of sweet cracker), honey, dark bread, curd, cheese, ham, sausage, butter, waffles, sugar and cinnamon, "Burger Brezeln" (pretzel), stewed apples and the "Dröppelmina". Dröppelmina is an intermediate between coffee mashine and coffee pot, which functions similar to an Russian "samovar".
 
In the afternoon the table will be covered with a specially designed set of porcelain ("Zwiebelmuster" - onion pattern). Following an old tradition the coffee table is composed of "Rosinenstuten" (a plum cake), rice-milk, "Bergischer Zwieback" (a sort of sweet cracker), honey, dark bread, curd, cheese, ham, sausage, butter, waffles, sugar and cinnamon, "Burger Brezeln" (pretzel), stewed apples and the "Dröppelmina". Dröppelmina is an intermediate between coffee mashine and coffee pot, which functions similar to an Russian "samovar".
   
'''The Rhenish beers Kölsch and Alt'''<br>
+
'''The Rhinish beers Kölsch and Alt'''<br>
[[Image:Koelsch_alt_dpa.jpg| thumb| left| Alt (left) and Kölsch (right), the two Rhenish beer variants]]The Bavarian Reinheitsgebot of 1516, was drawn up to ensure the production of decent-quality beer; however, this decree did not affect brewers of the Rhineland. As such, the brewing traditions in this region developed slightly differently. For example, brewing during the summer was illegal in Bavaria, but the cooler climate of the Rhineland allowed brewers to brew all year long and to experiment with storing fermented beer in cool caves and cellars.<br>
+
[[Image:Koelsch_alt_dpa.jpg| thumb| left| Alt (left) and Kölsch (right), the two Rhinish beer variants]]The Bavarian Reinheitsgebot of 1516, was drawn up to ensure the production of decent-quality beer; however, this decree did not affect brewers of the Rhineland. As such, the brewing traditions in this region developed slightly differently. For example, brewing during the summer was illegal in Bavaria, but the cooler climate of the Rhineland allowed brewers to brew all year long and to experiment with storing fermented beer in cool caves and cellars.<br>
 
This led towards the fact that the most consumed kinds of beer are the ale variants Kölsch and Alt in contrast to the lager Pils which dominates the rest of Germany.<br>
 
This led towards the fact that the most consumed kinds of beer are the ale variants Kölsch and Alt in contrast to the lager Pils which dominates the rest of Germany.<br>
 
the Cologne centered Kölsch stands in direct competition to Altbier, the production of which is centred around Düsseldorf, but which is ironically also produced by all the major breweries in Cologne; the difference between the two types is indeed technically slight, Altbier being fermented at slightly higher temperatures than Kölsch and using dark malt, harder water and far more bittering hops, resulting in a nuttier, firmer and more dry taste.<br>
 
the Cologne centered Kölsch stands in direct competition to Altbier, the production of which is centred around Düsseldorf, but which is ironically also produced by all the major breweries in Cologne; the difference between the two types is indeed technically slight, Altbier being fermented at slightly higher temperatures than Kölsch and using dark malt, harder water and far more bittering hops, resulting in a nuttier, firmer and more dry taste.<br>
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